If you are using a kerosene heater for the first time, you should always immediately familiarize yourself with the appliance’s operation. You must always read and understand the user instructions or manual before attempting to light your heater. Below, we have provided some basic tips on using a convection heating appliance but these must be read in tandem with your instructions or user manual and not in place of. Users of radiant heaters must consult their user instructions or manual as lighting these particular appliances are a little different.
Unpacking The Heater From The Shipping Box
If your appliance is packaged then gently take the heater out of its shipping box and carefully remove all packaging materials such as foam, cardboard, paper and plastic etc., and store them in the box as you will may need these again to repack the appliance ready for storage. Some manufacturers provide a repackaging diagram. Next correctly install the heater’s protective grill according to your user instructions or manual. Under no circumstances should you ever operate an appliance without the protective grill. Insert new batteries in the battery compartment. Always remove batteries if the appliance is not in use or before storing.
Always Fuel Or Refuel Kerosene Heaters Outdoors
Before fuelling or refuelling a kerosene heater, take it outdoors on your drive or path before doing so, as this will prevent potential and dangerous fume accumulations and damage to décor through fuel spillage. Ideally you should only use fresh K1 kerosene. Do not use fuel that might be contaminated with water or other fuels etc, as this may cause ignition problems, fires or explosions. Carefully transfer the fuel from the kerosene storage container to the fuel tank on your appliance using the siphon pump that came with your heater. Once the fuel tank gauge registers full stop filling and replace the fuel tank cap securely.
Allow The Wick To Soak
If the appliance is new then after fuelling make the first light of your heater outside of your home. This will allow any protective oils to burn off without making a smell inside. Using the wick adjustment control knob, lower the wick to its lowest setting by turning the control anticlockwise. Allow up to 60 minutes for the wick to become soaked in kerosene. During this time, both you and your family should understand the safe use of the appliance by thoroughly reading the user instructions or manual.
Igniting The Heater
After allowing the wick to soak, move the wick to its maximum height by gently turning the wick adjustment control knob clockwise. To enable the glowing igniter to make contact with the wick, depress the ignition lever. After confirming the wick has lit by looking through the access window, carefully release the ignition lever, which will then lower the burn chamber over the wick. To ensure the burner is correctly located over the wick adjuster, move the burner control lever, found inside the access door, from side to side several times. Smoke and soot might be produced if the burner is not correctly located. The flame within the heater should gradually build for 15 to 20 minutes.
The Correct Flame Size
If the flame becomes too tall consult your user instructions or manual to adjust the wick, and therefore the flame, to the correct height. Again, consult your user instructions or manual to obtain the correct flame size and appearance for proper and effective operation. Unfortunately, with convection kerosene heaters, the amount of heat produced by these appliances cannot be controlled by simply reducing the height of the wick. A heater operating for long periods with a wick that is too low may affect its overall performance, produce dangerous carbon monoxide and eventually ruin the wick.
Always Periodically Check Your Heater
Once running, convection kerosene heaters should be checked periodically (consult your user instructions or manual for further information) for correct burner operation. Under no circumstances should an appliance be left operating whilst unattended. Ensure that your appliance is always turned off before going to work or to sleep.
Turning Off The Appliance
Since convection kerosene heaters heat output cannot be controlled, once the space heated has become warm enough then the flame can be extinguished by pushing down the manual shut-off knob whilst holding the wick adjustment control knob (see your user instructions or manual for further details). After several minutes and before leaving the heater unattended visually inspect and confirm the flame is completely extinguished by making observations through the access door.
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